Thursday, 6 October 2016

Naked POTUS, number 15: James Buchanan

"Even the President of the United States must sometimes have to stand naked" - BOB DYLAN



With the breeze gently kissing his taint, it is James Buchanan (1791-1868). I want you to know all about him:

JAMES BUCHANAN

Born 23rd April 1791, Cove Gap, Pennsylvania
Died 1st June 1868, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Presidential Term 4th March 1857 - 4th March 1861

James Buchanan was the last Commander-in-Chief to have been born in the the 18th Century and the only President to date from the State of Pennsylvania. He is also the only bachelor to serve as the US President. Throughout his administration, his ward Harriet Lane served as the First Lady.

Before the 1812 War, Buchanan worked as a lawyer before enlisting in the army. There he became part of Andrew Jackson's trusted retinue and, upon Jackson becoming President, Buchanan began a career in politics. He was the Minister to Russia during the Jackson administration and Minister to Britain under Franklin Pierce.

Two days after his term of office began, on the 6th March 1857 the US Supreme Court reached the Dred Scott Decision, regarding the fate of a former slave now living in a Free State. This verdict stated that Scott was not entitled to his freedom and that African Americans could never be full US citizens. This rendered the Missouri Compromise obsolete and made civil war a virtual inevitability.

Although Buchanan was both pro-slavery and pro-right of secession, he supported Abraham Lincoln and the Union army throughout the Civil War.

The United States expanded to 34 constituents during Buchanan's Presidency with Minnesota (1858), Oregon (1859) and Kansas (1861) all being admitted. However, in the final months of Buchanan's Presidency, following the election of Abraham Lincoln as his successor, seven states seceded from the United States to form the Confederacy: Texas, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina and Missouri. Buchanan remains the only US President to have had States leave the Union during his term of office.

N.B. Some parts of the above image have been redacted by the CIA for reasons of national security. An unexpurgated version of all the naked Presidents will be made available at the end of the project.

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